NABARD QUIZ – DAY 1 – AGRICULTURE

  1. Ratooning – an agricultural practice is mostly used in the cultivation of ___________

A. Sugarcane

B. Rice

C. Pineapple

D. banana

E. All of the above

Solutions – (e )

Ratooning is the agricultural practice of harvesting a monocot crop by cutting most of the above-ground portion but leaving the roots and the growing shoot apices intact so as to allow the plants to recover and produce a fresh crop in the next season.

This practice is widely used in the cultivation of crops such as rice, sugar , banana , pineapple.

2. Marcotting is used in the propagation of _______

A. Papaya

B. Black pepper

C. Coffee

D. None of these

E. All of these

Solution – (e)

Marcotting, which is a type of vegetative plant propagation, is commonly known as air layering that involves rooting of a part of the stem while it is still attached to the parent plant.

While the practice of marcotting has already been used to propagate different varieties of plants and trees, such as black pepper, cacao, cashew, citrus, grapes, coffee, guava, jackfruit, lanzones, tamarind, and many others, marcotting a papaya tree in the country is little known to the local farmers until the process

3. _______ is a method in which tissues of plants are joined so that their growth will continue together.

A. Layering

B. Grafting

C. Division

D. All of the above

E. None of the above

Solution (B)Grafting is a Horticultural  technique whereby tissues of plants are joined so as to continue their growth together.

4. ___________ is one of the method used in rice processing.

A. Hulling

B. Parboiling

C. Canning

D. A and B

E. None of the above

Solution – (D)

Along with Hulling , parboiling is used in rice processing . Parboiling is a process whereby rough rice is steeped in cold or warm water, heated with steam under pressure or in boiling water to gelatinize starch with minimum grain swelling, followed by slow drying . The process accelerates aging of the grain and loosens the hull.

5. Yuan Longping’ – who recently died, was known as _______

A. Father of hybrid rice

B.Father of rice

C.Father of HYV seeds

D. Father of mechanisation

E. None of the above

Solution – (a)

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