Q1. Distinguish between manager and leader?
Ans- Following are the major differences between a manager and a leader:
- Leader derives his/her power from personal characteristics while manager derives his/her power from the authority delegated to him.
- Leader focusses on vision and purpose of the organization in getting intended results while managers focusses on establishing structures and systems to get those result.
- Leader inspires and motivates people to work together with a common vision and purpose while manager monitors results against the plans.
Leader focusses on transformational aspects of the organisation while a manager focusses on transactional aspects.
Q2. Explain the principles of scientific management.
The concept of scientific management was given by Frederick Winslow Taylor. Scientific management is a theory of management that analyses workflow. Its main objective is improving economic efficiency, especially labour productivity.
- Science, Not Rule of Thumb: Constantly experimenting to develop new techniques which makes the work much simpler, easier and quicker.
- Harmony, Not Discord: such an atmosphere should be created in the organisation that labour and management consider each other indispensable.
- Cooperation, not Individualism –Cooperation and flow of constructive suggestion from workers to managers increases workflow.
- Development of each and every person in the organisation to his/her efficiency.